Chiasmus Examples

The word chiasmus comes from the Greek chiasma, "crossing," based on chiazo, "to make a mark like the letter X. He feels unlucky, shamed, and fiercely jealous of those around him. "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. com helps you tell kids about Jesus by providing age-appropriate Bible study material and Sunday School curriculum – all 100% free online. The discovery of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon is one of the most significant scholarly contributions to understanding and appreciating the Nephite record. He then worked on “Chiasmus in Antiquity. And that’s because the X shape captures the structure of the chiastic phrase. Verbs can be in there (and in fact, if it's in the very middle of synchysis, it's a "golden line. Chesterton's love of chiasmus—the ABBA pattern in which repetition involves reversal. Along with chiasmus, Kennedy decided to, on many occasions in his inauguration, use anaphoras. Netflix shared a theory by film critic Robert Lockard that claims the Back to the Future trilogy is an elaborate reflective chiasmus, meaning elements of the story are first told in order, but in the middle they reverse and repeat in the opposite order. Check out, please HelpWriting. Examples of chiasmus can be found in ancient Greek, Hebrew, and Latin texts, as well as many religious scriptures. " A simple example of a chiasm in the Bible is Mark 2:27: "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. Chiasmus can also emphasize a reversal. For example, the popular saying by Havelock Ellis’s, “Charm is a woman’s strength, strength is a man’s charm,” The aforementioned sentence, although, is an example of chiasmus but is not an antimetabole because the two clauses have opposite meanings but the words and the grammatical makeup are dissimilar. Rhymes Near rhymes Phrase rhymes Synonyms / Related Phrases [Example sentences] Example sentences from Wikipedia that use the word chiasmus:. xsltproc annotationDoc. The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. His comfort and rescue 3. 8 months ago. A familiar Shakespearean example is Mark Antony’s speech in Julius Caesar in which he asks of his audience: “Lend me your ears. Human translations with examples: nega. CHIASMUS “I flee who chases me, and chase who flees me. In Gates's usage, chiastic slaying involves repetition and reversal but not necessarily a literal ABBA pattern of chiasmus. ) When I was shopping in the town yesterday, I saw Mike!. Stated another way, the statistical evidence indicates with 99. gives a monthly `Chiasmus Award' which each time reveals a new chiasmus produced recently by the scientic community. Poets call this matching pattern a chiasmus: 1, 2, 3:3, 2, 1. ask what you can do for your country" quote for one of the most famous examples of a chiasmus. Examples But O, what damned minutes tells he o'er Who dotes, yet doubts; suspects, yet strong loves. Send your reports of misuse and abuse, as well as examples of good writing, via. The third example is composed of two independent sentences and the chiasmus serves to increase the effect of climax. Examples gross as earth exhort me: Witness this army of such mass and charge Led by a delicate and tender prince, Whose spirit with divine ambition puff'd Makes mouths at the invisible event, Exposing what is mortal and unsure To all that fortune, death and danger dare, Even for an egg-shell. This type of device can be used to provide emphasis in the book, give a better feel for the character and give more information on what is occurring. Chiasmus was very important in ancient texts, as it was a way to strike balance in a work of literature. In the first place, we have demonstrated the extensive existence of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon beyond any possible doubt. Directions: As you read chapters 9 and 10, look for the following rhetorical devices. A chiasm is a specific instance of chiastic structure (or chiasmus), a literary device in which words or themes are repeated in inverse-parallel order: A-B-B-A or similar pattern. It's not the size of the dog. Literary classicism was most popular and had the most impact from the mid-1700s to about 1800, primarily in England. His abundant physical & spiritual refreshment 2. For example, suppose that the first topic in a text is labeled by A, the second topic is labeled by B and the third topic is labeled by C. Chiasmus may occur by chance, and may be demonstrated in many forms of communication---particularly if a researcher is willing to cherry-pick themes. Welch chiasmus papers, MSS 3776 Series 2 Sub-Series 18. If you read the Bible carefully enough you soon start noticing parallel lines of text expressing the same idea in slightly different words. Chiasmi (the plural of chiasmus) occur frequently in the Old Testament. The name chiasmus, derived from chi (X), the 22nd letter in the Greek alphabet. ” That sentence, spoken by President John Kennedy in a famous speech, is a good example of chiasmus, a rhetorical figure that reverses the terms of the two clauses that make up a sentence, or a part of a sentence. Der Chiasmus präsentiert sich meist in der sogenannten a + b: b + a Form. See full list on examples. xml > userFriendlyOutput. Don’t be afraid to start-out by copying chiasmus examples. Chiasmus was particularly popular both in Greek and in Latin literature, where it was used to articulate balance or order within a text. Examples When the going gets tough, the tough get going. Examples of appositive nouns involve nouns that rename the noun next to it. Even so, it does appear on your occasional prose and poetry to produce a lyrical and balanced effect. If the topics in the text appear in the order ABC…CBA so that the first concept that comes up is also the last, the second is the second to last, and so on, the text is said to have a chiastic structure. Cat called the drugstore for an order of chocolate malted mice the class was wriggling like a bucketful of catawba worms. This figure is sometimes known as chiasmus. Example sentences containing chiasmus. Hodges (1864), and letter to James Hackett (1863). chiasmus - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Antimetabole by definition features the reuse of words in the first and second halves of a sentence. Played 62 times. In his blessing to his son Helaman, Alma uses chiasmus in recounting his conversion to the gospel of Jesus Christ. " --The Road, Cormac McCarthy "Now, women forget all those things they don't want to remember, and remember everything they don't want to. Examples When the going gets tough, the tough get going. 20 Examples of Great Euphemisms Posted on December 23, 2011 by Lynn Schneider A euphemism is “the substitution of a mild, indirect or vague term for one considered to be harsh, blunt, or offensive”. An example of Chiasmus would be "by failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail. Given these examples of how Milton and Shakespeare use chiasmus to explore the complexities of justice and mercy, there should be little surprise either that chiasmus becomes a dominant figure during two important moments in 2 Henry IV when the principle of what constitutes just rule is at stake or that the greatest concentration of chiasmus in. ) When I was shopping in the town yesterday, I saw Mike!. Contextual translation of "chiasmus" into Polish. What is the connection with a chiasmus and JFK – John F Kennedy? 1. Includes an analysis of The Golf Links as an example of implied chiasmus. net I think they are the best. Both chiasmus and antimetabole can be used to reinforce antithesis. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. His major work is Il Chiasmo nella Bibbia (Turin: Marietti, 1980), drawing from his articles, ‘Der Chiasmus in der Bibel’, LingBib 36 (1975) 21 – 97; 37 (1976) 49–68; 39 (1976) 37–85; 44 (1979) 3–70. The idea of affection occurs in "dotes" and "strongly loves"; the idea of doubting in "doubts" and "suspects". The optic chiasm, located at the bottom of the brain immediately below the hypothalamus, is the place where the nerves from the eyes partially cross over each other, sending images from the right eye to the left hand side of the brain and vice-versa. Chiasmus works best when the juxtapositions express or combine knowledge, comedy and wit. Start studying Vocab: List 7 (Chiasmus). Opposite of cacophony. A chiasmus is a literary form, in the same way that a sonnet is a literary form. See full list on literarydevices. Chiasmus- A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Definition, Usage and a list of Litotes Examples in common speech and literature. Der Chiasmus präsentiert sich meist in der sogenannten a + b: b + a Form. Example: "I look like Tom Cruise on Vanila skys, it was televised. Leeman therefore holds that chiasmus' is the basic order in Greek and Latin: antithesis is, he claims, normal for the modern, rational mind, but for the Greeks and Romans ' chiasmus was more natural. —Stephen 00:58, 19 September 2007 (UTC). Isaiah 1 1920 quot you will eat the best but if you resist you will be devoured quot carries the chaismus 39 eat or be eaten. The chiastic examples are not ii. 19: 30; Psalms 124:7; Isaiah 6:10). The most famous paradoxes - examples include liar paradox, barber paradox, doubtful existence of God, sentences from life, sophisms. In the following example, both clauses contain a subject and a verb, but the dependent clause has, in addition, the dependent-making words even though. Chiasmus is the reverse of parallelism, because syntactic structures are inverted. IXL brings learning to life with 69 different figurative language skills. We believe that God is the loving Father of all kids. Chiasmus was very important in ancient texts, as it was a way to strike balance in a work of literature. Chiasmus and antimetabole are very similar rhetorical devices, but the two words are not synonyms. Chiastic structure creates symmetry, or balance, to the prose as well as the actual story structure itself. I was in an accident like Geico," Artist:Escape the Fate Song:Live Fast, Die Beautiful Example:" She flicks lit cigarettes, Burning holes in her clothes, Just like some messed up version of Marylyn Monroe. It is related to, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus. Chiasmus or (or chiasmus as it may also be pronounced) is named after CHI, the ancient Greek word for the letter X. Chiasmus was a common form of presenting ideas among those with literary skills in the ancient world and was used to create powerful poetry. Both chiasmus and antimetabole can be used to reinforce antithesis. "Examples of Metrical Chiasmus in Acrostic Psalms: Especially Psalms 34, 25, 145, and the Similar Non-Acrostic 33. - Julius Caesar "I came; I saw; I conquered. Back to the Future Fan Theory Suggests the Trilogy is an Elaborate Chiasmus. py myStanfordParsedFile. It consists of two parallel phrases in which corresponding words or phrases are placed in the opposite order. 4 Chiasmus example: pin. The word chiasm comes from the appearance of these structures, which is like the left half of an X. Start studying Vocab: List 7 (Chiasmus). ” One famous example of chiasmus comes from Samuel Johnson’s 1794 poem “The Vanity of Human Wishes. Chiasmus has been likened to verbal judo. Chiasmus is a literary term that means a series of ideas that are listed in one order and then repeated in the opposite order, creating one giant symmetrical thought. In the context of talking about 'cross' Moore introduces 'chiasmus'. ”-JFK “Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. Click on the word to reveal a definition and an example from Cicero Verrine 2. Example of antimetabole with A-B-B-A structure. They have scarcely heard with their ears, they have firmly closed their eyes, otherwise they might see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts. Beispiele dafür:. The term “evana” is a blend of the terms “evangelical” and “anabaptist. If you have synesthesia, you might notice that your senses tend to intertwine, giving your perceptions of the world an additional dimension. In reality, the chiasmus, rhetorical. Genre is an important word in the English class. ” ― Mardy Grothe tags. A much longer and very elegant Biblical example of chiasmus is Leviticus Chiasmus was a common form of presenting ideas among those with literary bopk in the. If a range of chiasmi can be analyzed, a general theory of Buddhist chiasmus can be established for use as a standard Buddhological tool. A much longer and very elegant Biblical example of chiasmus is Leviticus 24:13-23 (details presented in Welch, 1991, pp. 18 Statistically, it’s the strongest example of chiasmus in the entire Book of Mormon, having a 99. A witty chiasmus may subvert the internal logic of juxtaposition for comedic effect. German Italian Dutch French Spanish Danish Latin Finnish Swedish Norwegian Russian Czech Indonesian Croatian. We don't believe this is the case— The Late War contains several significant chiastic structures. He restoreth my soul: E. Pertaining to chiasmus. The name of the pattern comes from the Greek letter chi, X, because the pattern crosses, like an X. Examples of synesthesia. Chiasmus is a rhetorical device where the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed, in order to make a larger point. This 13th Post gives a little background about a type of Hebrew poetry known as chiasmus. The Lord’s oversight 1. Antimetabole is often mislabeled as chiasmus, a related but different rhetorical device. (Reading Time: 5 minutes) The Christianese word “evana” has been making the rounds on a few Christian news websites. The purpose of the linguists is to dene chiasmus compared to other gures (for instance chiasmus as opposed to paralellism). A chiasm is a specific instance of chiastic structure (or chiasmus), a literary device in which words or themes are repeated in inverse-parallel order: A-B-B-A or similar pattern. A chiasmus is a rhetorical device in which the order of the terms in the first of two parallel clauses is reversed in the second. This means that the second half of a clause or sentence is an inverted form of the first half both grammatically and logically. A good example from the Book of Mormon is found 2 Nephi 29:13:. They are the product of a careful and sophisticated author—a true work of art. " In this familiar Shakespearean line from the play "Julius Caesar," Mark Anthony was not asking if he could literally borrow ears. Example: "Ask not what your country can do for you. Examples of Literary Classicism. It has the ABBA structure of a chiamus (accusative pl - dative sing - dative sing - accusative pl). Literary Terms; Poetry Lesson. “ By keeping the phrase but inverting its meaning we use our opponent’s own power to overcome him, just as a judo expert does. "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. Back to the Future Fan Theory Suggests the Trilogy is an Elaborate Chiasmus. In my analysis, chiasms are the most beautiful and unexpected of the structures. For example: Amanda found herself in the Winnebago with her ex-boyfriend, an herbalist and a pet detective. xml myOutput. Kennedy You can take the gorilla out of the jungle, but you can't take the jungle out of the gorilla. For example: A. His purposeful guidance. The 23rd Psalm chiasmus by Kay 4/21/15 A. I was unable to find litotes in the poem, but I did find one possible instance of chiasmus in the final stanza. His abundant physical & spiritual refreshment 2. Isaiah 1 1920 quot you will eat the best but if you resist you will be devoured quot carries the chaismus 39 eat or be eaten. " If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an "x" (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning "x"):. For example, chiasmus epitomizes propositions 1 and 2 above even better than parallelism, which can generate some sense of fixed, linear direction. Rightly to be great. This chart illustrates the deep structure of Alma 36. For those who are interested, Mark 1:21-28 is a perfect example of a simple chiasm in the gospel of Mark. ” ― Mardy Grothe tags. Euphony is soothing pleasant sounds. The Moral of Romeo and Juliet "The play has received its share of attention from Shakespeare's critics; and although it offers no such difficult problems of interpretation as do Hamlet or Macbeth, there has been a considerable difference among critics in regard to its moral purpose. Professor Little described it as one character moving away from "conscienceness" while the other moves toward it. Examples of chiasmus can be found in ancient Greek, Hebrew, and Latin texts, as well as many religious scriptures. German Italian Dutch French Spanish Danish Latin Finnish Swedish Norwegian Russian Czech Indonesian Croatian. Chesterton writes that "we do not get good laws to restrain bad people. The discovery of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon is one of the most significant scholarly contributions to understanding and appreciating the Nephite record. Chi also gives us the word chiasmus from its two arms, with the idea of two lines of thought meeting, exchanging and going on their separate ways. In the context of talking about 'cross' Moore introduces 'chiasmus'. * a genericized trademark, for example "Coke" for any variety of cola or "Kleenex" for any variety of tissue The material that a thing is made of referring to that thing * "steel" for a sword * "willow" for a cricket bat or "pigskin" for an American or Canadian football * "wood" for a type of club used in the sport of golf. chiasmus: contrast by parallelism in reverse order climax: gradual increase in force of rhetorical expressions or drama of a performance consecution: logical sequence or progression of an argument diacope: rhetorical separation of a compound word by a third word; tmesis diallage: device in which many arguments brought upon one point diallelus. Chiasmus definition: reversal of the order of words in the second of two parallel phrases | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Over the last fifty years, Alma 36 has, by far, been the most celebrated and studied example of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon. You can create as many pages like this one or sub-pages as you like and manage all of your content inside of WordPress. "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. Genre is an important word in the English class. xml myOutput. Chiasmus refers to a sequence of elements of a sentence or verse, paragraph, chapter or even book which are then repeated and developed – but in reverse order. Other examples of interlocking chiasmus in Plato's Republic are 2. The most famous paradoxes - examples include liar paradox, barber paradox, doubtful existence of God, sentences from life, sophisms. Chiasmus definition is - an inverted relationship between the syntactic elements of parallel phrases (as in Goldsmith's to stop too fearful, and too faint to go). 18 Statistically, it’s the strongest example of chiasmus in the entire Book of Mormon, having a 99. In the paragraph beginning "By instinct rather than will," find the sentence, which is about 3/4 down the page, which begins "Their industrious need. One final shape of complex chiasmus that Shakespeare occasionally employs, one that differs significantly from the previous examples, is a type of biblical form that, "beginning with a series of alternating lines, shifts to chiastic order at the centre; then it resumes the original alternating order after the centre is passed, retaining this. Chiasmus was particularly popular in the literature of the ancient world, including Hebrew, Greek, and Latin, where it was used to articulate the balance of order within the text. Human translations with examples: chiazm, chiasmus, wyjście chiasmus. In the first place, we have demonstrated the extensive existence of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon beyond any possible doubt. The examples of balanced sentences listed below are taken from some of the most iconic literary pieces in history: Example #1 “Her needle-work was seen on the ruff of the Governor; military men wore it on their scarfs, and the minister on his band; it decked the baby’s little cap; it was shut up, to be mildewed and moulder away, in the. Read broadly, and see what kinds of ideas are best expressed through a chiasmus. For example, suppose that the first topic in a text is labeled by A, the second topic is labeled by B and the third topic is labeled by C. If you read the Bible carefully enough you soon start noticing parallel lines of text expressing the same idea in slightly different words. ” That sentence, spoken by President John Kennedy in a famous speech, is a good example of chiasmus, a rhetorical figure that reverses the terms of the two clauses that make up a sentence, or a part of a sentence. For example:One should eat to live, not live to eat. See full list on 2classnotes. Definition, Usage and a list of Chiasmus Examples in historic speeches by great speakers. ” ― Mardy Grothe tags. " "my dresses would be curtains, and my curtains, dresses" is an example of chiasmus. In my last two posts I gave six examples of inverted parallelism or Chiasmus found in Isaiah and in Genesis. Chiasmus can be used to good effect for any inverted parallel pairs — for example, when Samuel Taylor Coleridge wrote “Each throat was parched, and glazed each eye” in Rime of the Ancient Mariner — but it’s. All the following examples are by William Ramey. xml myOutput. See full list on christianity. chicanery 2. Parallelism ‘ or parallel structure ‘ is described as using a pattern of words (such as verbs or adjectives) to demonstrate similar words in a sentence where all elements within the sentence are of equal importance. Welch chiasmus papers, MSS 3776 Series 2 Sub-Series 18. Jesus said, “The sabbath was made for man, not man for the sabbath”. Leeman therefore holds that chiasmus is the basic order in Greek and Latin: antithesis is, he claims, normal for the modern, rational mind, but for the Greeks and Romans chiasmus was more natural. Chiasmus is the A-B-B-A order of words or phrases. Of course, hundreds of other examples could be cited which may be found in the bibliography. Chiasmus Examples Survey proves that not even one in ten people would know what a chiasmus is; in fact, only two in a thousand can identify it correctly. Chiasmus: Definition And Useful Examples Of Chiasmus In Speech & Literature - 7 E S L December 2019 Without even realising it, many of your day to day conversations taking place in English may contain some form of chiasmus. Create a google doc, and answer the following questions on your document. " or "But many that are first shall be last; and the last shall be the first. - Simple chiasmus of two layers is nothing special as it may appear by accident… the examples in the Book of Mormon are clearly well crafted and very complex with multiple layers. " (Oxford Companion to the Bible, p. Examples of chiasmus are found in the Bible (Matt. 1b 6 1a being the superscription is a chiasm as well. Veni, vidi, vici. Check out, please HelpWriting. Note that sychesis has a ABAB structure, enjambment is the continuation of a sentence/phrase onto another line, and tmesis is the separation of a compound word into two. Metonymy has the effect of creating concrete and vivid images in place of. " A simple example of a chiasm in the Bible is Mark 2:27: "The Sabbath was made for man, and not man for the Sabbath. In my last two posts I gave six examples of inverted parallelism or Chiasmus found in Isaiah and in Genesis. Includes an analysis of The Golf Links as an example of implied chiasmus. Toni Morrison, Sula. " (Matthew 19:30. Start studying Chiasmus Examples. Hodges (1864), and letter to James Hackett (1863). Two fine examples of this principle are chiasmus and antimetabole, which rely on general and specific inversion of parallel structures to create novel effects. The Advancement of Chiasmus' Potential in I Henry 4 by William Shakespeare In Shakespeare’s historical play Full Holly the Latest, Component One, the clever playwright uses an interesting and effective technique of introducing the honorable by presenting that personality at the rock and roll bottom level of his potential and, as Hal places it, "breaking through the nasty and unpleasant mists. conceit: Too much pride in oneself. Án ástarinnar getur heimspekin ekki orðið annað en andlaus sólipsismi; heimspekin, sem er ást viskunnar, byggist fyrst á visku ástarinnar. Chiasmus is a literary structure in which parallel terms or concepts are first introduced in order and then again in reverse order to make a point, often emphasizing the middle concept which either appears twice in succession (ABB'A') or only once (ABCB'A'). As Robert Lockard explains, a chiasmus is “an ancient writing structure in which ideas are listed in one order and then repeated in the opposite order to form a complete idea. "Friends, Romans, countrymen, lend me your ears. Farnsworth's selection of examples is a kind of covert literary criticism. Perhaps every time you bite. chiasmus: A literary tool where concepts, words, or sentence structures are repeated in reverse order. " If we draw the words as a chart, the words form an "x" (hence the word's Greek etymology, from chi meaning "x"):. See more words from the same year. If I wanna die, I'll die right here, right now fightin' you -- if I wanna die. In major passages of chiasmus, the most important regions tend to be the central or pivotal point the focal point in the middle of the chiasmus, and moormon the ends top and bottom. For example, consider the chiasmus that follows: "By day the frolic, and the dance by night. To set the scene and draw the reader from where they are into the core, from the outer courts into the inner courts. A witty chiasmus may subvert the internal logic of juxtaposition for comedic effect. Chiasmus may occur by chance, and may be demonstrated in many forms of communication---particularly if a researcher is willing to cherry-pick themes. This type of parallelism is often called Chiasmus. Alma 36 - Be Sure to Mention Chiasmus Many Latter-day Saints will soon be discussing Alma 36 in the Book of Mormon in Gospel Doctrine classes (or some might have already done so). His notes and letters on this issue are there. Welch discovered the presence of chiasmus on August 16, 1967 while on his mission in Germany, and since that time, chiasmus has served as a profound witness for the beauty and complexity of the Book of Mormon. It marries two ideas together that are similar in thought and form. The addition of felines to their barn necessitated an emergency mouse meeting. Chiasmus had a particularly important place in Christianity. All the following examples are by William Ramey. Chiasmus is not as popular a figure of speech as your superstars simile and metaphor because it tends to create a language that feels too formal or even stilted. : (Example ) as the particular chiastic passage found within it. Hyperbole is when one over exaggerates about something, but, in reality, it is a lot less than what one says it is. Read broadly, and see what kinds of ideas are best expressed through a chiasmus. Chesterton's love of chiasmus—the ABBA pattern in which repetition involves reversal. by anfaher. In whom should we have faith?Many Biblical scholars believe that there is a chiasmus in Philemon 5. The writing style you imagined being taught is called 'chiasmus' and was thought of by the Hebrews (Hebrews is another way of saying ancient Israelites) as a beautiful form of poetry. The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. The conceptual bridge between the precise description of an operating system and the colloquial definition is the tendency to bundle widely, or generally, used utilities and applications (such as text editors or file managers) with the basic OS for the sake of convenience; as OSes progressed, a larger selection of 'second class' OS software came to be included, such that now, an OS without. The idea of affection occurs in "dotes" and "strongly loves"; the idea of doubting in "doubts" and "suspects". Chiasmus definition is - an inverted relationship between the syntactic elements of parallel phrases (as in Goldsmith's to stop too fearful, and too faint to go). It's not the size of the dog. : she went to Paris; to New York went he)Origin of chiasmusModern Latin from Classical Greek chiasmos: see chiasma. " "my dresses would be curtains, and my curtains, dresses" is an example of chiasmus. Chiasmus in Hebrew Poetry quot 1 40. See full list on 2classnotes. 10th grade. If a range of chiasmi can be analyzed, a general theory of Buddhist chiasmus can be established for use as a standard Buddhological tool. And when the gospels are seen as sophisticated literary constructions, chiasmus has been detected in the order of narratives, as when the temptations of Jesus in Luke 4: 3 , 7 , 9 seem to be taken up and somehow answered by the miracles in Luke. Stated another way, the statistical evidence indicates with 99. Chiasm definition is - chiasma. Famous Examples of Parallelism. chiasmus: A literary tool where concepts, words, or sentence structures are repeated in reverse order. An anaphora is the deliberate repetition of a word or a phrase at the beginning of a sentence, clause, or paragraph. chiasmus, hyperbole, synecdoche, euphemism for use within trial examination responses and general discussion a two-page resource. Literary Terms; Poetry Lesson. You may have heard of the logical fallacy and pondered over what it was and how it can be used. ) When I was shopping in the town yesterday, I saw Mike!. A complex sentence is a sentence that contains both a dependent and an independent clause. Chiasmus, pronounced "ky-AZ-muhs," is a rhetorical device that reverses the word order in two parallel phrases. For example:One should eat to live, not live to eat. Chesterton writes that "we do not get good laws to restrain bad people. Turn to page 442. For example, the factory Werner Pfeiderer & Perkins at Westwood Works was forced to change its name to Perkins Engineers due to the anti-German feeling at the outbreak of the war. A tax is a fine for doing well; College: A place where some pursue learning and others learn pursuing. ” One well-known example of chiasmus is Quintillian’s purported phrase “one does not (a) live to (b) eat; one (b) eats to (a) live. 536b, and 10. Antimetabole is often mislabeled as chiasmus, a related but different rhetorical device. , Joachim Jeremias, “Chiasmus in den Paulusbriefen,” ZNW 49 (1958), 145-156; Lund, Chiasmus, 145-225 (often contained within larger chiasms). The word chiasmus (pronounced ki-az’-mus) derives from the Greek letter chi (X) which symbolizes the top-to-bottom mirror reflection achieved in the repeating poetic form. ” One well-known example of chiasmus is Quintillian’s purported phrase “one does not (a) live to (b) eat; one (b) eats to (a) live. In Gates's usage, chiastic slaying involves repetition and reversal but not necessarily a literal ABBA pattern of chiasmus. He then worked on “Chiasmus in Antiquity. The name is from the Greek letter Chi which resembles an X and illustrates symmetrical crossing. Joseph Smith had english translations of the Bible available to him. ) When I was shopping in the town yesterday, I saw Mike!. Chiasmus is the A-B-B-A order of words or phrases. " Chiasmus is not limited to an exchange of words; it can also involve the exchange of letters or syllables, as in Tom Waits' quote, "I’d rather have a. To set the scene and draw the reader from where they are into the core, from the outer courts into the inner courts. The fact that Chiasmus exists in the Book of Mormon is very profound. It is related to, and sometimes considered a special case of, chiasmus. Antimetabole has an ABBA configuration as seen in the. This chiastic passage has no extra repetition and has two elements, hence in this case. " I need the answers ASAP. Chi also gives us the word chiasmus from its two arms, with the idea of two lines of thought meeting, exchanging and going on their separate ways. This form of literary poetry is done when a pattern of words or ideas are stated and then repeated, but in reverse order. The chiastic structure, according to Welch, is as follows:. The Lord’s oversight 1. Back to the Future Fan Theory Suggests the Trilogy is an Elaborate Chiasmus. Leeman therefore holds that chiasmus is the basic order in Greek and Latin: antithesis is, he claims, normal for the modern, rational mind, but for the Greeks and Romans chiasmus was more natural. Thirty years in the making, it is the most exhaustive work of its kind ever completed. —Stephen 00:58, 19 September 2007 (UTC). The definition of chiasmus is a clause that is inversely repeated. Like their king, it reads, the British were "deaf to the voice of justice. Given these examples of how Milton and Shakespeare use chiasmus to explore the complexities of justice and mercy, there should be little surprise either that chiasmus becomes a dominant figure during two important moments in 2 Henry IV when the principle of what constitutes just rule is at stake or that the greatest concentration of chiasmus in. See full list on christianity. Mark does, in fact relate them by using the literary device of chiasm. xml > userFriendlyOutput. Also termed neoclassical style or period, these works reflected the styles and ideals from Ancient Greek and Roman thought. Here’s an example of that, from the earliest use, in Genesis 9:6 : “Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood shall be shed. An example of Chiasmus would be "by failing to prepare, you are preparing to fail. He restoreth my soul: E. This is the simplest form of poetic expression. That's a mouthful, right? Why don't we go ahead and explain by example: "Fair is foul, foul is fair" or "Beauty is truth, truth beauty". ask what you can do for your country" quote for one of the most famous examples of a chiasmus. Examples of Literary Classicism. ” (p16) “By the time Mrs. Both affect the rhythm and speed of a sentence, so they’re particularly suited to making listeners pay special attention to the words. In the two examples on this web page, we have touched on the advantages of studying chiasms. Examples of Chiasmus in Literature. Dealing with the vexing threat of the bloodthirsty cats was the first point of order for the anxious mice. There are several different types of parallelism: synonymous, antithetic, emblematic, synthetic, and stairlike. chiasmus synonyms, chiasmus pronunciation, chiasmus translation, English dictionary definition of chiasmus. Directions: As you read chapters 9 and 10, look for the following rhetorical devices. Start studying Vocab: List 7 (Chiasmus). I think the example is rather easier to follow than the definition. Consider the most frequent example given in introductions to chiasmus: "The sabbath was made for humankind, not humankind for the sabbath" (Mark 2:27). These words are set up in an A-­B-B-A pattern. See full list on 2classnotes. Examples of chiasmus can be found in the Bible -- they’re everywhere in God’s Word. The underlined portion ("arma. Literature often reflects cultural attitudes. Examples of Literature Devices in Chapter 2. Chiasmus was particularly popular in the literature of the ancient world, including Hebrew, Greek, Latin and Ancient K'iche' Maya, where it was used to articulate the balance of order within the text. The Christian cross can be seen as a special example of the Greek Chi (χ), the first letter of ‘anointed’ and hence our word Christ. Adventures in AP Lit: February 2014 1) "And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; but what you can do for your. Quotes tagged as "chiasmus" Showing 1-3 of 3 “Here's champagne for our real friends, and real pain for our sham friends. 20 Examples of Great Euphemisms Posted on December 23, 2011 by Lynn Schneider A euphemism is “the substitution of a mild, indirect or vague term for one considered to be harsh, blunt, or offensive”. Send your reports of misuse and abuse, as well as examples of good writing, via. You can create as many pages like this one or sub-pages as you like and manage all of your content inside of WordPress. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Thirty years in the making, it is the most exhaustive work of its kind ever completed. Chiasmus is the reverse of parallelism, because syntactic structures are inverted. What is the connection with a chiasmus and JFK – John F Kennedy? 1. Chiasmus may occur by chance, and may be demonstrated in many forms of communication---particularly if a researcher is willing to cherry-pick themes. chicanery 2. Example: python MainS. Back to the Future Fan Theory Suggests the Trilogy is an Elaborate Chiasmus. He then worked on “Chiasmus in Antiquity. Colloquialism or colloquial language is the linguistic style used for casual communication. A witty chiasmus may subvert the internal logic of juxtaposition for comedic effect. com" url:text search for "text" in url selftext:text search for "text" in self post contents self:yes (or self:no) include (or exclude) self posts nsfw:yes (or nsfw:no) include (or exclude) results marked as NSFW. January 6, 2014, mason, 1 Comment. There are plenty of examples he could emulate from the Bible. So it is, in my opinion, with the issue of chiasmus in the Book of Mormon. Tom Perry special collections at a BYU library. Adventures in AP Lit: February 2014 1) "And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; but what you can do for your. I've included examples in several of the previous Posts. ” “Never let a fool kiss you or a kiss fool you. The Chiasmus. The first known use of chiasm was in 1870. Definition: Chiasmus is a specific type of parallelism. The following examples combine chiasmus with paradox. If you start the sentence with the dependent-making words (or subordinating conjunction), place a comma. For one thing, chiasmus reads more like a tongue twister or a riddle. In the context of talking about 'cross' Moore introduces 'chiasmus'. Chiasmus in Hebrew Poetry quot 1 40. xml > userFriendlyOutput. ) Lorenzo Snow's famous couplet, which any Mormon can quote from memory, is an example of a simple chiasmus: A As man is, B God once was; b As God is a Man may become. - Simple chiasmus of two layers is nothing special as it may appear by accident… the examples in the Book of Mormon are clearly well crafted and very complex with multiple layers. The Christian cross can be seen as a special example of the Greek Chi (χ), the first letter of ‘anointed’ and hence our word Christ. ' '() it has destroyed me'"(150)>The two statements here are in reverse order: the first says that Dorian destroyed the painting,and the second says that the painting has destroyed Dorian. The primary use of rhetorical devices is to have an effect on the reader that will make them want to read the books and get the intended message. Decide whether the following examples are chiasmus (ABBA) or synchysis (ABAB). Time Traveler for chiasm. Instead of seeing this as a four-step chiasm (ABBA), I claim it is best described as a five-step chiasm, conforming to the word order in Greek and Mark's preference for an unpaired center:. An incidental effect of Mr. This occurs when a line is cut off before its natural stopping point. The last line of Morrison’s novel is considered by some to be one of the best lines in fiction and nonfiction. I need at least 5 examples of quotes in Heart of Darkness that shows the use of the literary device, Chiasmus. khiasmos " a placing crosswise, diagonal arrangement," related to khiasma " two things placed crosswise," from khiazein ". * 2009 , Seyed Ghahreman Safavi & Simon Weightman, R?m?'s Mystical Design: Reading the Mathnaw?, Book One , page 46. In chiasmus, the clauses display inverted parallelism. Famous Examples of Parallelism. Well met, Corporal Nym. Example: "Ask not what your country can do for you. This is an example of a WordPress page, you could edit this to put information about yourself or your site so readers know where you are coming from. Persuasion matters, whether with prospects, clients, suppliers, the community, employees. January 6, 2014, mason, 1 Comment. Two lines of poetry are said to be parallel if the component elements of one line correspond directly to those of the other in a one-to-one relationship. Tom Perry special collections at a BYU library. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It no longer contains current data and will be sunset by April 30, 2020. What does Chiasmus mean? One of the more sensible definitions I have found is, 'The second half of an expression is balanced against the first, with the part reversed. Mark 8:35: New historicism and chiasmus. Chiasmus in Hebrew Poetry quot 1 40. Chiasmus is an encryption program for Windows Windows 95, 98, 2000, ME, NT 3. Turn to page 442. " However, the English is not a true tricolon, for its verbs are not all the same length, as is the case in the Latin. Another important technique that is commonly used in poetry is enjambment. Chiasmus as verbal judo "The root pattern is called 'chiasmus' because diagrammed, it forms an 'X,' and the Greek name for X is chi. What is a Chiasm (or Chiasmus)? What's a Chiasm? Two Examples Chiasm Benefits Relevant Books Background of Chiasms How to Discover Chiasms Discovery Process First Five Hints Five More Hints Structure Variations Chiasm Resources Tom's Books about Chiasms Joshua's Spiritual Warfare Overview of Book Table of Contents. Chiasmus is a literary or rhetorical device used for spicing up language, and making it more interesting. Dorian Gray> "'You told me you had destroyed it. 2 and higher, XP, Vista, 7 and Linux on 32-bit systems. Example: Grendel's battle pattern, which includes entering, uproar, battle, uproar, and leaving, is an example of a chiasmus since it follows the aforementioned pattern. He turns Brutus’s own phrase around, calling to mind the “bad strokes” Brutus dealt to Caesar. It is sometimes called introverted parallelism. It is a wonderful example of a compound chaismus. If the topics in the text appear in the order ABC…CBA so that the first concept that comes up is also the last, the second is the second to last, and so on, the text is said to have a chiastic structure. The conceptual bridge between the precise description of an operating system and the colloquial definition is the tendency to bundle widely, or generally, used utilities and applications (such as text editors or file managers) with the basic OS for the sake of convenience; as OSes progressed, a larger selection of 'second class' OS software came to be included, such that now, an OS without. The Gospel of Mark. The addition of felines to their barn necessitated an emergency mouse meeting. Another important technique that is commonly used in poetry is enjambment. Antimetabole has an ABBA configuration as seen in the. Chiasmus was a common form of presenting ideas among those with literary skills in the ancient world and was used to create powerful poetry. As everyone knows, cats are fatally dangerous to little mouselings. Chiasmus is the reverse of parallelism, because syntactic structures are inverted. In my analysis, chiasms are the most beautiful and unexpected of the structures. Consider the whole chapter of Alma 36. "-- delivered by Will Smith (from the movie Ali) Click for Audio "The time must come. Mark does, in fact relate them by using the literary device of chiasm. Select 10 examples (a variety) from pages 30 - 59, and develop a chart such as the one below. Simile: ” She looked and smelled like a peppermint drop. For example, T. Played 62 times. Antimetabole is often mislabeled as chiasmus, a related but different rhetorical device. Definition: Chiasmus is a specific type of parallelism. ”¹ Some well known examples include:. xml > userFriendlyOutput. “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” by Lewis Carroll is an example of the literary nonsense genre. ) When I was shopping in the town yesterday, I saw Mike!. chiastic definition: Adjective (comparative more chiastic, superlative most chiastic) 1. 2: It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. a change, usually a slight change, in the appearance, character, or structure of something: 2…. The optic chiasm, located at the bottom of the brain immediately below the hypothalamus, is the place where the nerves from the eyes partially cross over each other, sending images from the right eye to the left hand side of the brain and vice-versa. Writing a good essay isn't easy and it's the fruit of hard work. Indeed, some dictionaries or thesauri deem it not worthy of an entry. For example, John F. Euphony is soothing pleasant sounds. Logos: Definition And Examples Of Logos In Spoken Language And Literature - 7 E S L You may have heard of the concept of logos when studying the English language, and you may also have wondered what it is used for. Chiasmus has occupied a privileged place in deconstructionist. 交差配語法 は、2つの似たことばを順序を逆にして繰り返すレトリックです。 つまり、「AB-B’A’」という順番で、ことばを並べるレトリックです。. The term “evana” is a blend of the terms “evangelical” and “anabaptist. Related words - chiasmus synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Read broadly, and see what kinds of ideas are best expressed through a chiasmus. One final shape of complex chiasmus that Shakespeare occasionally employs, one that differs significantly from the previous examples, is a type of biblical form that, "beginning with a series of alternating lines, shifts to chiastic order at the centre; then it resumes the original alternating order after the centre is passed, retaining this. It consists of two parallel phrases in which corresponding words or phrases are placed in the opposite order. Chiasmus In rhetoric is the figure of speech in which two sentences are related to each other through the reversal of their grammatical structures. Chiasmus- A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed. Perhaps every time you bite. A tax is a fine for doing well; College: A place where some pursue learning and others learn pursuing. Chiasmus definition, a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases, as in “He went to the country, to the town went she. German Italian Dutch French Spanish Danish Latin Finnish Swedish Norwegian Russian Czech Indonesian Croatian. See full list on literaryterms. bridge (game): a holding of no trumps 3. Chiasmus is a rhetorical device where the second half of an expression is balanced against the first with the parts reversed, in order to make a larger point. The 23rd Psalm chiasmus by Kay 4/21/15 A. ) Lorenzo Snow's famous couplet, which any Mormon can quote from memory, is an example of a simple chiasmus: A As man is, B God once was; b As God is a Man may become. 交差配語法 は、2つの似たことばを順序を逆にして繰り返すレトリックです。 つまり、「AB-B’A’」という順番で、ことばを並べるレトリックです。. " "my dresses would be curtains, and my curtains, dresses" is an example of chiasmus. Welch chiasmus papers, MSS 3776 Series 2 Sub-Series 18. Davidic Chiasmus and Parallelisms A governing literary structure comprising an intricate, specific, and repeated thematic pattern — widely found Written by Jared R. Adventures in AP Lit: February 2014 1) "And so, my fellow Americans, ask not what your country can do for you; but what you can do for your. In reality, the chiasmus, rhetorical. Sonnet 29 shows the poet at his most insecure and troubled. Chiasmus definition: reversal of the order of words in the second of two parallel phrases | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples. Ministry-To-Children. chiasmus synonyms, chiasmus pronunciation, chiasmus translation, English dictionary definition of chiasmus. Chiasmus refers to a sequence of elements of a sentence or verse, paragraph, chapter or even book which are then repeated and developed – but in reverse order. an orchestral and thematic texture as far removed from that of mere recitative as it is from the forms of the classical aria - the repetition of a whole sentence in order to form a firm musical close has almost as quaint a ring as a Shakespearean rhymed tag would have in a prose drama of Ibsen. Turn to page 442. - Consider that Joseph Smith was a poorly schooled farm boy with no access to study or understand ancient writings. The idea of affection occurs in "dotes" and "strongly loves"; the idea of doubting in "doubts" and "suspects". Welch chiasmus papers, MSS 3776 Series 2 Sub-Series 18. Chiasmus Examples Survey proves that not even one in ten people would know what a chiasmus is; in fact, only two in a thousand can identify it correctly. This is the simplest form of poetic expression. I've included examples in several of the previous Posts. In this emotional outpouring to the personified ships on the water, he again uses the chiasmus to highlight the irony of slavery. In the two examples on this web page, we have touched on the advantages of studying chiasms. 19 The chiastic structure “powerfully communicates. We are alerted to G. Quote from the New Advent Encyclopedia article on Parallelism. Ministry-To-Children. Turn to page 382. , First shouId be last, last should be first). As Robert Lockard explains, a chiasmus is “an ancient writing structure in which ideas are listed in one order and then repeated in the opposite order to form a complete idea. In the simplest, broadest sense, a chiasmus is a literary device that uses inverted parallelism, which can be labelled as A B B A. a reversal in the order of words in two otherwise parallel phrases, as in “He went to the country, to the town went she. Time now for a few final evaluations of what we have learned about chiasmus in the Book of Mormon. Án ástarinnar getur heimspekin ekki orðið annað en andlaus sólipsismi; heimspekin, sem er ást viskunnar, byggist fyrst á visku ástarinnar. chiasmus synonyms, chiasmus pronunciation, chiasmus translation, English dictionary definition of chiasmus. BY Rudie Obias. ” By reversing the order of these words/concepts, Marx employs chiasmus. The Moral of Romeo and Juliet "The play has received its share of attention from Shakespeare's critics; and although it offers no such difficult problems of interpretation as do Hamlet or Macbeth, there has been a considerable difference among critics in regard to its moral purpose. Time Traveler for chiasm. Two lines of poetry are said to be parallel if the component elements of one line correspond directly to those of the other in a one-to-one relationship. Complete list of literary devices (literary terms) in English literature with definitions, examples, and how they are used by authors. Definition: Chiasmus is a specific type of parallelism. The best advice is just to observe as many examples of chiasmus as possible. Thus, Welch's major premise that. Turn to page 442. Mark does, in fact relate them by using the literary device of chiasm. Alliteration: Figure of emphasis that occurs through the repetition of initial consonant letters (or sounds) in two or more different words across successive sentences, clauses, or phrases. ”-JFK “Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. Quotations by Frederick Douglass, American Author, Born February 14, 1818. —Shakespeare, Othello 3. In this emotional outpouring to the personified ships on the water, he again uses the chiasmus to highlight the irony of slavery. The writing style you imagined being taught is called 'chiasmus' and was thought of by the Hebrews (Hebrews is another way of saying ancient Israelites) as a beautiful form of poetry. If the chias-mus has for a long time seemed to be dying, this is only true with respect to the interest devoted to it by linguists. I'm disappointed that most LDS folks don't seem to have any idea that Alma 36 may well be the best known example of an ancient Semitic form of poetry known as chiasmus. It has intrigued many students of ancient writing. In its simplest and most popular form, it is know as “chiasmus”—a figure a speech in which key words or phrases are repeated in two successive clauses or sentences, but in reverse order. is offered as an example of Christian. It lists about 900 works on chiasmus by author and title and includes full publication information. To understand chiasmus let us look at an example. I have found chiasms in every book of the Bible but there are four other basic literary devices as well. CHIASMUS A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. 19: 30; Psalms 124:7; Isaiah 6:10). 1 Thus, we come to the same conclusion as Nordahl (1971). Our goal is to determine the. Examples of chiasmus can be found in the Bible -- they’re everywhere in God’s Word. —Stephen 00:58, 19 September 2007 (UTC). Note that sychesis has a ABAB structure, enjambment is the continuation of a sentence/phrase onto another line, and tmesis is the separation of a compound word into two. Veni, vidi, vici. ” “Fair is foul, and foul is fair. We are alerted to G. Definition, Usage and a list of Chiasmus Examples in historic speeches by great speakers. For example, the frequency of chiasmus in a given author’s writing can be used as a guide in evaluating the author’s tendencies to embellish upon or vary from direct, ,,natural” forms of speech, and when comparing literatures, one can see certain similarities between chiasmus in early Greek writing, particularly in Homer, and chiasmus in. Chiasmus is a special type of inverted parallelism. So, if you are unaware of such a figure of speech then worry not, as you have come to the right place!. In Gates's usage, chiastic slaying involves repetition and reversal but not necessarily a literal ABBA pattern of chiasmus. ”-JFK “Whoever exalts himself will be humbled, and whoever humbles himself will be exalted. 8 Also to note is the work of A. In my analysis, chiasms are the most beautiful and unexpected of the structures. This type of parallelism is often called Chiasmus. Oxymoron: a figure of speech by which a locution produces an incongruous, seemingly self-contradictory effect, as in “cruel kindness” or “to make haste slowly. org, Carroll wrote “Alice’s Adventures in Wonderland” for a group of little girls while on a trip. The primary use of rhetorical devices is to have an effect on the reader that will make them want to read the books and get the intended message. "For the goodness of all the Polis we should have philosophers as kings or (at least) philosopher kings" Plato Ancient Greek have left an unforgettable mark in the western culture. Role of Chorus in Oedipus Rex Chorus, in the theater, is a group of singers and dancers who take part in a drama and are accompanied by music. At the turning point, the text reaches a climax or pinnacle and from that point it reverses its path and returns to the point of departure. In Gates's usage, chiastic slaying involves repetition and reversal but not necessarily a literal ABBA pattern of chiasmus. This bibliography cites articles and books that discuss chiasmus in scripture and other literature. Chi also gives us the word chiasmus from its two arms, with the idea of two lines of thought meeting, exchanging and going on their separate ways. Litotes, derived from a Greek word meaning “simple”, is a figure of speech which employs an understatement by using double negatives or, in other words, positive statement is expressed by negating its opposite expressions. In this article, we are going to be looking at logical fallacies in a little more depth finding out what they are and how they function. First comes an idea or structure in two parts, such as A (Let us never. ” The first half of the sentence is “by day the frolic. For example, the factory Werner Pfeiderer & Perkins at Westwood Works was forced to change its name to Perkins Engineers due to the anti-German feeling at the outbreak of the war. Án ástarinnar getur heimspekin ekki orðið annað en andlaus sólipsismi; heimspekin, sem er ást viskunnar, byggist fyrst á visku ástarinnar. Leeman therefore holds that chiasmus is the basic order in Greek and Latin: antithesis is, he claims, normal for the modern, rational mind, but for the Greeks and Romans chiasmus was more natural. In the process of this thought pattern, the reader is able to see the original idea in a new light. Litotes, derived from a Greek word meaning “simple”, is a figure of speech which employs an understatement by using double negatives or, in other words, positive statement is expressed by negating its opposite expressions. CHIASMUS A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed. Also termed neoclassical style or period, these works reflected the styles and ideals from Ancient Greek and Roman thought. Example of antimetabole with A-B-B-A structure. A good example from the Book of Mormon is found 2 Nephi 29:13:. Simile: ” She looked and smelled like a peppermint drop. Georgics Martin, 1992, 34–36, discusses the figure of chiasmus in the arrangement of the poems of Vir-gil’s predecessor Catullus and, 156–171, in the organization of Poem 64, the epyllion on the marriage of Peleus and Thetis. This is an elegant chiasmus—reversal of words—by Antony. This form of literary poetry is done when a pattern of words or ideas are stated and then repeated, but in reverse order. 10th grade. * 2009 , Seyed Ghahreman Safavi & Simon Weightman, R?m?'s Mystical Design: Reading the Mathnaw?, Book One , page 46. Chiasmus Examples Chiasmus is the reversing the order of words in the second of two parallel phrases. The word chiasmus comes from the Greek chiasma, "crossing," based on chiazo, "to make a mark like the letter X. bridge (game): a holding of no trumps 3. , "Philippians as Chiasmus: Key to the Unity, Structure and Theme Questions" (1995).